Learning Theory and Addiction
In this section, we discuss only a few highlights of this fascinating area. In particular, we will focus on three fundamental types of learning:
1) Learning that occurs because of paired associations, called classical (or respondent) conditioning.
2) Learning that occurs because of a cause-and-effect relationship between a behavior and the consequences of that behavior (rewards and punishments). Psychologists call this type of learning operant conditioning.
3) The third type of learning called social learning. Almost all of our behaviors are to some degree influenced by these three learning principles.