- Causes, Signs and Symptoms of Ambien Withdrawal
- Symptoms of Ambien Withdrawal
- Withdrawal Symptom Severity
- Treatment for Ambien Withdrawal
- Inpatient Ambien Treatment vs. Outpatient Program
- How to Care for Someone Going Through Withdrawal?
What is Ambien? Are There Withdrawals from Ambien Use?Ambien induces sleep by slowing brain activity. Ambien also alters other realms of functioning such as memory, self-awareness, personal care and contact with others, for example. Ambien's effects upon the brain can be prolonged even after withdrawal.
Causes, Signs and Symptoms of Ambien Withdrawal
Ambien increases GABA activity in the brain. GABA is a neurotransmitter that dampens the effects of other brain chemicals and allows us to fall asleep. It also reduces the brain's ability to self-regulate neurotransmitter activity. Consequently, Ambien becomes 'necessary' for one to feel normal.
- Emotional turmoil.
- Feelings of dread.
Ambien withdrawal symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe. Common determining factors are the usual amount taken, how frequently and for what period. Heavy, frequent and/or prolonged use typically causes the most uncomfortable withdrawal effects. More severe abuse suggests a greater reliance upon Ambien to cope with life's demands and environmental stressors.
A significant feature of Ambien withdrawal treatment is the mobilization of hope that the withdrawal process can be successfully completed and that recovery is possible. If you need more information on the causes and signs of Ambien withdrawal, please call us at 1-888-993-3112Who Answers? today.
Symptoms of Ambien Withdrawal
Typically, withdrawal symptoms begin within 24-72 hours after the last dose of Ambien.
Milder symptoms include:
- Feelings of anxiety.
- Some confusion.
- Emotional outbursts.
- Aches and pains.
More severe symptoms can include:
- Chronic insomnia.
Withdrawal Symptom Severity
Abrupt Ambien withdrawal can be dangerous. This is especially true for those who have abused Ambien beyond two weeks and/or have done so consistently in large amounts.
- Co-existing health problems such as seizure disorder, cardiac or respiratory conditions, and psychiatric disorders can be exacerbated during withdrawal.
- Seizure and death are risks for anyone abruptly discontinuing use.
Treatment for Ambien Withdrawal
Ambien withdrawal treatment requires a careful plan of action to prevent serious withdrawal effects and to ensure safety. Medical supervision and monitoring is important in every case. A treatment plan for you or your loved one should be made with an addiction professional.
Withdrawal treatment can include a gradual decrease in the dosage of Ambien (tapering), the use of other medications to ease tapering or to serve as a less harmful and temporary substitute. Monitoring of withdrawal effects, as well as emotional and psychological support, is important in the safe and successful completion of withdrawal.
Inpatient Ambien Treatment vs. Outpatient Program
Some can withdraw safely in outpatient monitoring with a tapering regimen recommended and supervised by a doctor.
How to Care for Someone Going Through Withdrawal?
Ambien withdrawal symptoms require medical attention.
- It is recommended that you talk with your loved one about seeking medical supervision for a safe and supported withdrawal.
- Withdrawal reactions can be mild, moderate or severe and complicate other health issues.
If signs of distress occur, obtain emergency medical attention for your loved one.
- Remember that psychiatric symptoms such as indications of danger to self or others, disorientation, and hallucinations or delusions also constitute a medical emergency.
If your loved one enters treatment for withdrawal, be supportive and participate as invited and recommended by the attending healthcare professionals. Keep in mind that withdrawal is the first step toward recovery.
- Bottlender, R., Sch?tz, C., M?ller, H., & Soyka, M. (1997). Zolpidem dependence in a patient with former polysubstance abuse. Pharmacopsychiatry, 30(3), 108.
- Brodeur, M., & Stirling, A. (2001). Delirium associated with zolpidem. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 35(12), 1562-4.
- Hajak, G., M?ller, W., Wittchen, H., Pittrow, D., & Kirch, W. (2003). Abuse and dependence potential for the non-benzodiazepine hypnotics zolpidem and
- zopiclone: a review of case reports and epidemiological data. Addiction, 98(10), 1371-8.
- Hajak, G., Muller, W., Wittchen, H., Pittrow, D., & Kirch, W. (2003). Abuse and dependence potential for the non-benzodiazepine hypnotics zolpidem and zopiclone: A review of case reports and epidemiological data. Addiction 98, 1371-1378.
- Hoehns JD, P. P. (1993). Zolpidem: a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic for treatment of insomnia. Clinical Pharmocology, 12(11), 814-28.
- Holm, K., & Goa, K. (2000;). Zolpidem: An update of its pharmacology, therapeutic efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of insomnia. Drugs 59, 865-889.
- Korpi, E., Mattila, M., Wisden, W., & Luddens, H. ( 1997). GABA (A) -receptor subtypes: Clinical efficacy and selectivity of benzodiazepine site ligands. Annals of Medicine, .29, 275-282.
- Mattoo, S., Gaur, N., & Das, P. (2011). Zolpidem withdrawal delirium. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 43(6), 729-730.
- Rappa, L., Larose-Pierre, M., Payne, D., Eraikhuemen, N., Lanes, D., & Kearson, M. (2004). Detoxification from high-dose zolpidem using diazepam. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 38(4), 590-4.
- Sanna E, B. F. (2002). Comparison of the effects of zaleplon, zolpidem, and triazolam at various GABA (A) receptor subtypes. European Journal of Pharmacology, 451, 103-110.
- Whiteside, L., Walton, M. A., Bohnert, A., Blow, F., Bonar, E., & P. Erlich, R. C. (2013). Nonmedical Prescription Opioid and Sedative Use Among Adolescents in the Emergency Department. Pediatrics: 32(5) , 825-832. . Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2013/10/23/peds.2013-0721.abstract