Effects Of Combining Alcohol And Cocaine

  1. How Common is Mixing Cocaine and Alcohol?
  2. Effects of Combining Cocaine and Alcohol
  3. Why Do Some Users Combine Cocaine with Alcohol?
  4. Treatment for Cocaine and Alcohol Addiction
  5. Associated Social and Mental Health Problems
  6. Sources

Why Do People Combine Alcohol & Cocaine?

Frequently, an individual’s motivation to combine cocaine and alcohol is to:

  • Enhance the subjective effects of each.
  • Reduce alcohol-induced inebriation; research shows that cocaine reduces the cognitive and psychomotor deficits caused by alcohol.
  • Experience a calming feeling while recovering from a cocaine high.
Why Do People Combine Alcohol & Cocaine?

The concurrent use of cocaine and alcohol is a common, very ill-advised drug combination. People who regularly combine these two substances present as complicated candidates for substance abuse rehabilitation.

Treatment outlook is impacted by the presence of several associated issues—including polysubstance abuse (even beyond the cocaine & alcohol), depression and other potentially severe mental health difficulties.

Mixing of alcohol and cocaine results in the production of a blood-circulated metabolite called cocaethylene, which has a higher addictive potential than either drug alone.

Studies show that individuals who are both alcohol and cocaine dependent have severe psychosocial difficulties and exhibit poorer treatment outcomes than those who are dependent on either alone.

  • If you or someone you love has developed severe problems from drinking too much and using cocaine—they need help. Please call 1-888-993-3112Who Answers? to find a treatment program that suits your needs.


How Common is Mixing Cocaine and Alcohol?

Concurrent use of cocaine and alcohol is well documented.

Bill Nye

In a study conducted in the U.S., more than 40 percent of cocaine dependent individuals reported lifetime alcohol use, some studies indicate that the comorbidity is as high as 60%.

Studies have reported that up to 70 percent of adolescents who used cocaine for the first time did so while simultaneously under the influence of alcohol.

  • Additionally, use of cocaine by heavy drinkers can lead to a fourfold increase in the chance of developing alcohol dependence.
  • Alcoholism is associated with adverse effects of cocaine consumption.

Cocaine & Alcohol Deaths

A report published by the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) suggested that approximately 32 percent of all drug abuse Emergency Department (ED) visits in 2009 involved the use of alcohol. Cocaine was the single most common illicit drug found in these individuals during toxicology screening.

  • Concurrent use of alcohol and cocaine is also associated with an increased likelihood of suicidal and homicidal behavior.
  • Cocaethylene increases the risk of sudden death by 18 to 25%, primarily due to its cardiotoxic effects.

Effects of Combining Cocaine and Alcohol

Mixing alcohol and cocaine can lead to the following:

  1. The simultaneous metabolism of cocaine can lead to the rise in blood alcohol concentration (BAC) after consuming alcoholic drinks.

2. Both a real and subjectively perceived decrease in the level of inebriation and lethargy otherwise brought about by alcohol use on its own.

Find Treatment Now Treating alcohol and cocaine abuse requires more intense management and the path to recovery can be more challenging. 3. Alcohol, on the other hand, potentiates the psychological effect of cocaine, enhancing the euphoria caused by it.

3. Production of cocaethylene—a molecule with properties similar to cocaine but tends to persist longer in the blood.

Some reports suggest that cocaethylene might be responsible for the increased cardiotoxicity that is associated with concurrent cocaine and alcohol use.

4. Use of more than one drug is commonly associated with relatively greater adverse effects and poorer treatment outcomes.

5. Quite understandably, since one has to deal with the dual problems of both cocaine and alcohol use, it can require more intense management and the path to recovery can be more challenging.

Studies have reported that the presence of lifetime alcohol dependence is associated with greater severity of cocaine dependence.

  • Cocaine-dependent individuals with a concurrent alcohol addiction are more likely to remain alcohol dependent even after one year of entering treatment.

    Some studies also indicate that concurrent alcohol and cocaine use increases the tendency towards violence.


Why Do Some Users Combine Cocaine with Alcohol?

Research has explored the reasons behind people combining cocaine and alcohol. Here are a few of the most commonly cited reasons:

  • Use of cocaine in combination with alcohol produces an increased and prolonged subjective pleasurable state compared with the use of either substance alone. 

    • In fact, it has been shown that use of cocaine in combination with alcohol leads to a 30 percent increase in cocaine blood concentrations.
  • Cocaine mitigates the sedating effects of alcohol.
  • Alcohol reduces the discomfort when coming down from cocaine
  • Cocaine users report a greater and longer euphoria with concurrent use of alcohol—a finding that has been observed in research.

Further, the metabolite cocaethylene (as described earlier) shares similarities with cocaine and tends to have a longer duration of action.


Treatment for Cocaine and Alcohol Addiction

There are a number of options when it comes to the management of simultaneous cocaine and alcohol abuse problems—both with regard to treatment modalities and treatment settings.

Medical

Residential Rehab IconAcamprosate and naltrexone are two of the most commonly used anti-craving agents for the management of alcohol dependence.

Disulfiram and topiramate have also been found to be effective in the long-term management of alcohol dependence.

Based on the effectiveness for both alcohol and, to a lesser extent, cocaine dependence, there is some support for the use of disulfiram and naltrexone in these individuals.

A combination of both these medications with cognitive behavioral therapy was found to be effective in achieving continuous abstinence for three weeks. Treatment takes time, and the abuse of alcohol and cocaine can present with unique complications. Our treatment support staff can help you find a program that suits your needs. Please call 1-888-993-3112Who Answers? today.

Psychological

Various psychological interventions that have been found to be effective in the management of alcohol and cocaine dependence include:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT).
  • Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET).
  • Contingency Management (CM).
  • 12 step facilitation.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Contingency Management (CM) and 12 step facilitation have been recommended for those with combined use of cocaine and alcohol.

Inpatient

  • Inpatient treatment involves round-the-clock stay at a treatment facility. Inpatient treatment is often better suited for individuals with:

    • Greater severity of addiction.
    • Co-morbid physical and mental disorders.
    • Poor social support.
    • Failed attempts at recovery in an outpatient setting.

The inpatient setting offers longer periods of direct contact with a treatment team and the restricted environment makes it relatively easy to stay away from the drugs.

Outpatient

  • The outpatient treatment involves specified periods of contact with the treatment team, so the individual is able to return home and continue work or handle other commitments while getting treatment.

    Outpatient treatment puts limited demands on the patient's’ time and is better suited for those with good social support networks.


Associated Social and Mental Health Problems

Concurrent alcohol and cocaine dependence is correlated with more severe mental health issues and, potentially, more examples of social delinquency. 

  • Concurrent alcohol and cocaine use is correlated with an increased engagement in criminal activities.
  • While the exact causal factors have not been determined; severe mental health profiles, a lack of social support and financial hardships are important contributors.
  • There is an increased risk of engaging in homicidal and suicidal behavior. 
  • More severe psychological problems than non-alcoholic cocaine users. 
  • Larger impairments in the performance of neurobehavioral and neurocognitive tasks.

However, these findings have  also been contradicted by some other studies, so further research is warranted.


Sources

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