Effects and Side Effects of Ativan Abuse
- Immediate Effects and Adverse Effects of Ativan
- Long-Term Effects of Ativan
- How Ativan Addiction Changes Your Life
- Ativan Addiction and Mental Health
What is Ativan Used For?Ativan is the brand name for lorazepam, a powerful medication frequently prescribed to treat symptoms of anxiety, panic disorders and insomnia. It can be relatively safe when used strictly as prescribed.
Immediate Effects and Adverse Effects of Ativan
Some people take Ativan appropriately at first, then end up taking it in ways other than prescribed. Other people abuse the drug intentionally for recreational purposes, often in conjunction with alcohol or other drugs.
Ativan is intended to be taken orally, either in capsule or pill form. However, the pills can also be:
- Crushed and snorted.
- Mixed with water and injected.
These methods are all extremely ill-advised routes of administration.
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The most pronounced effect of Ativan use is a peaceful, calm or sleepy feeling and a reduction in anxiety.
Less desired effects of Ativan use may include:
- Dry mouth.
- Decreased sexual desire.
- Muscular weakness.
- Frequent need to urinate.
Some people who use Ativan may experience:
- Skin rash.
- Sore throat.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Irregular heartbeat or palpitations.
- Blurred vision.
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Extreme drowsiness.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Slurred speech.
- An unsteady gait.
Long-Term Effects of Ativan
Long-term use of Ativan may result in impaired emotions and a flat, numb feeling that, over time, can give way to depression, suicidal thoughts or other mental health complications.
Long-term users may also experience clouded thinking, difficulty concentrating and memory impairment.
This reduction in consciousness and inability to think clearly can cause people to be unaware of their surroundings, which increases the risk of accidents and overdose.
Cognitive damage may be permanent, especially in elderly patients who have deteriorating cognition or memory loss due to aging.
Although Ativan is prescribed to reduce anxiety, high doses taken over time can incite a paradoxical reaction, also known as paradoxical excitement, in which users may experience effects that are the opposite of the desired results.
Paradoxical reactions may include:
- Violent behavior.
How Ativan Addiction Changes Your Life
Ativan addiction presents a number of possible health effects. People who inject the drug are vulnerable to skin infections and blood clots as well as sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis and HIV/AIDS. Car accidents, as well as mishaps at work and home are frequent consequences of muscular weakness, vertigo, altered reaction times, decreased coordination and confusion that result from over-sedation.
Legal and financial problems often stem from improper use of Ativan or due to attempts
to secure the drug illegally. Problems are compounded when Ativan is combined with other substances such as alcohol or heroin. Loss of employment and disintegration of social relationships are common for chronic users.
Although research on pregnant women and infants is in the early stages, studies suggest that Ativan may cause symptoms similar to fetal alcohol syndrome, including withdrawal symptoms that occur in infants two to three weeks after birth.
Ativan Addiction and Mental Health
50% of people with severe mental illness are also affected by substance abuse or addiction.National Alliance on Mental Illness
People with co-occurring disorders such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder or bipolar disorder are more vulnerable to addiction to prescription drugs such as Ativan; however, some people become dependent on Ativan without realizing they have undiagnosed mental and emotional problems.
In fact, they may be self-medicating those feelings of sadness and anxiety and become addicted due to the symptom alleviation that Ativan provides.
The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), estimates that approximately 50% of people with severe mental illness are also affected by substance abuse or addiction.
Studies also indicate that chronic use of Ativan may cause emotional dulling and apathy, may aggravate symptoms of depression and may even provoke suicidal ideation.