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Symptom Listings

This page shows the full list of mental health disorder Symptoms in our database, sorted in alphabetical order by title. For more information on particular symptom groups, please visit the appropriate center from our Disorders & Issues page.

Instructions: Use this symptoms list to help determine if you need to see a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment of a problem, or to monitor your mood. These symptoms lists are not designed to allow you to make a diagnosis or take the place of a professional diagnosis. If you suspect that you may have a problem, please consult with a mental health professional as soon as possible.


Classic Symptoms

[op-toc] Major Depression The classic symptoms of Major Depression are described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)*, the widely accepted standard guidelines for psychiatric diagnoses. Symptoms ...


Conversion Disorder

Conversion Disorder describes impairment in sensory or motor function resulting from unknown neurological origin. Examples of sensory function include vision, hearing, and skin sensation; examples of motor function include weakness ...


Signs And Symptoms

As the name implies, the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is the kingpin of the entire category of disorders called obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. Obsessions are repetitive and distressing thoughts, urges, or ...


DSM Criteria

Once a diagnosis of a particular mood disorder is made, more detailed information about the person’s condition can be provided in the form of “specifiers,” which are ...


Dysthymic Disorder

This disorder is characterized by an overwhelming yet chronic state of depression, exhibited by a depressed mood for most of the days, for more days than not, for at least ...


Exhibitionism

Exhibitionism Symptoms Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving the exposure of one’s genitals to an unsuspecting stranger ...


Intermittent Explosive Disorder

Intermittent Explosive Disorder Symptoms Several discrete episodes of failure to resist aggressive impulses that result in serious assaultive acts or destruction of property. The degree of aggressiveness expressed during the ...


Kleptomania

Kleptomania Symptoms Recurrent failure to resist impulses to steal objects that are not needed for personal use or for their monetary value. Increasing sense of tension immediately before committing the ...


Pathological Gambling

Pathological Gambling Symptoms Persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior as indicated by five (or more) of the following: is preoccupied with gambling (e.g., preoccupied with reliving past gambling experiences ...


Pyromania

Pyromania Symptoms Deliberate and purposeful fire setting on more than one occasion. Tension or affective arousal before the act. Fascination with, interest in, curiosity about, or attraction to fire and ...


Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania Symptoms Recurrent pulling out of one’s hair resulting in noticeable hair loss. An increasing sense of tension immediately before pulling out the hair or when attempting to resist ...


Disorders Of Written Expression

Disorder of Written Expression Symptoms Writing skills, as measured by individually administered standardized tests (or functional assessments of writing skills), are substantially below those expected given the person’s chronological ...


Expressive Language Disorder

Expressive Language Disorder Symptoms The scores obtained from standardized individually administered measures of expressive language development are substantially below those obtained from standardized measures of both nonverbal intellectual capacity and ...


Mathematics Disorder

Mathematics Disorder Symptoms Mathematical ability, as measured by individually administered standardized tests, is substantially below that expected given the person’s chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance ...


Reading

Reading Disorder Symptoms Reading achievement, as measured by individually administered standardized tests of reading accuracy or comprehension, is substantially below that expected given the person’s chronological age, measured intelligence ...


Fetishism

Fetishism Symptoms Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving the use of nonliving objects (e.g., female undergarments). The ...


Frotteurism

Frotteurism Symptoms Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving touching and rubbing against a nonconsenting person. The fantasies, sexual ...


Gender Identity Disorder

Gender Identity Disorder Symptoms A strong and persistent cross-gender identification (not merely a desire for any perceived cultural advantages of being the other sex). In children, the disturbance is manifested ...


Pedophilia

Pedophilia Symptoms Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child or children (generally ...


Sexual Masochism & Sadism

Sexual Masochism and Sadism Symptoms Sexual Masochism: Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving the act (real, not simulated) ...


Transvestic Fetishism

Transvestic Fetishism Symptoms Over a period of at least 6 months, in a heterosexual male, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving cross-dressing. The fantasies, sexual urges ...


Vaginismus

Vaginismus Symptoms Recurrent or persistent involuntary spasm of the musculature of the outer third of the vagina that interferes with sexual intercourse. The disturbance causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty ...


Voyeurism

Voyeurism Symptoms Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving the act of observing an unsuspecting person who is naked ...


Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder

Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Symptoms A persistent or recurrent pattern of sleep disruption leading to excessive sleepiness or insomnia that is due to a mismatch between the sleep-wake schedule required ...


Hypersomnia

Hypersomnia Symptoms The predominant complaint is excessive sleepiness for at least 1 month (or less if recurrent) as evidenced by either prolonged sleep episodes or daytime sleep episodes that occur ...


Insomnia

Insomnia Symptoms The predominant complaint is difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or nonrestorative sleep, for at least 1 month. The sleep disturbance (or associated daytime fatigue) causes clinically significant distress ...


Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy Symptoms Irresistible attacks of refreshing sleep that occur daily over at least 3 months. The presence of one or both of the following: cataplexy (i.e., brief episodes of ...


Nightmare Disorder

Nightmare Disorder Symptoms Repeated awakenings from the major sleep period or naps with detailed recall of extended and extremely frightening dreams, usually involving threats to survival, security, or self-esteem. The ...


Sleep Terror Disorder

Sleep Terror Disorder Symptoms Recurrent episodes of abrupt awakening from sleep, usually occurring during the first third of the major sleep episode and beginning with a panicky scream. Intense fear ...


Sleepwalking Disorder

Sleepwalking Disorder Symptoms Repeated episodes of rising from bed during sleep and walking about, usually occurring during the first third of the major sleep episode. While sleepwalking, the person has ...


Somatic Symptom Disorder

Somatic Symptom Disorder is characterized by persistent somatic (bodily) symptoms that cause significant distress or disruption in daily life. These symptoms are accompanied by excessive thoughts, feelings, or behaviors related ...


Acute Stress Symptoms

Acute Stress Disorder Symptoms The person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both of the following were present: the person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an ...


Signs Of Substance Abuse From The DSM

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (currently the fourth edition, text-revision) is the standard reference against which all mental disorders (substance use disorders included) are made. The criteria ...


What Is Substance Dependence?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (currently the fourth edition, text-revision) is the standard reference against which all mental disorders (substance use disorders included) are made. The criteria ...


Depersonalization Disorder

Depersonalization Disorder Symptoms Persistent or recurrent experiences of feeling detached from, and as if one is an outside observer of, one’s mental processes or body (e.g., feeling like ...


Dissociative Amnesia

Dissociative Amnesia Symptoms The predominant disturbance is one or more episodes of inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature, that is too extensive to ...


Dissociative Fugue

Dissociative Fugue Symptoms The predominant disturbance is sudden, unexpected travel away from home or one’s customary place of work, with inability to recall one’s past. Confusion about personal ...


Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms The presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the ...


Symptoms Of Dysthymic Disorder

People diagnosed with Dysthymic Disorder do not experience a full major depressive episode, and therefore cannot be said to have Major Depression. Instead, they experience a less intense, but longer ...


Symptoms

Internet addiction is not recognized as a formal mental health disorder. However, mental health professionals who have written about the subject note symptoms or behaviors that, when present in sufficient ...


PTSD Symptoms

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that follows a terrifying event. Often, people with PTSD have persistent frightening thoughts and memories of their ...


Transient Tic Disorder

Transient Tic Disorder Symptoms Single or multiple motor and/or vocal tics (i.e., sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations) The tics occur many times a day, nearly ...


Symptoms Of Attention Deficit

The general symptoms of ADHD include: Failure to pay attention or a failure to retain learned information Fidgeting or restless behavior Excessive activity or talking The appearance of being being ...


Symptoms

Alzheimer’s Disease is difficult to diagnose because symptoms frequently resemble the symptoms of many other diseases, such as the dementias mentioned earlier (e.g., Vascular Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia) ...


Symptoms

Worried you may be suffering from some type of depressive disorder? Check here for the symptoms you should look for before consulting a mental health professional. Note: This document describes ...


Symptoms

Though each person grieves in unique ways, there are common behavioral, emotional, and physical signs and symptoms that people who are grieving typically experience. Physically, persons affected by grief may ...


Symptoms

Cognitive: The cognitive symptoms of people with LBD may fluctuate frequently (moment-to-moment, hour-to-hour, or day-to-day). Individuals will be alert (and seem “normal”), and then suddenly become extremely confused ...


OCD & Tic Disorders

Tourette’s Disorder Symptoms Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics have been present at some time during the illness, although not necessarily concurrently. (A tic is a ...


Symptoms

Worried you may be suffering from a sleeping disorder? Check here for the symptoms you should look for before consulting a mental health professional. Insomnia Hypersomnia Sleepwalking Disorder Circadian Rhythm ...


How Depression Develops

In order to diagnose someone with Major Depression, they must have had at least one Major Depressive Episode (in which they suffer from depressed mood, or the loss of interest ...


Understanding Mood Episodes

The American Psychiatric Association publishes the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which describes the criteria necessary for the diagnosis of all mental disorders, including Major Depression. In ...


Other Warning Signs

In addition to suicidal ideation, there are other warning signals that suggest suicide risk as well as the possible presence of a mental or physical illness. Of particular concern are ...


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