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Depression: Major Depression & Unipolar Varieties

Major Depression and other Unipolar Depressions

Everyone has days where they feel blah, down, or sad. Typically, these feelings disappear after a day or two, particularly if circumstances change for the better. People experiencing the temporary “blues” don’t feel a sense of crushing hopelessness or helplessness, and are able, for the most part, to continue to engage in regular activities. Prolonged anhedonia (the inability to experience pleasure), hopelessness, and failure to experience an increase in mood in response positive events rarely accompany “normal” sadness. The same may be said for other, more intense sorts of symptoms such as suicidal thoughts and hallucinations (e.g., hearing voices). Instead, such symptoms suggest that serious varieties of depression may be present, including the subject of this document: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or (more informally),

For people dealing with Major Depression, negative feelings linger, intensify, and often become debilitating.

Major Depression is a common yet serious medical condition that affects both the mind and body. It is a complex illness, creating physical, psychological, and social symptoms. Although informally, we often use the term “depression” to describe general sadness, the term Major Depression is defined by a formal set of criteria which describe which symptoms must be present before the label may be appropriately used.

Major Depression is a mood disorder. The term “mood” describes one’s emotions or emotional temperature. It is a set of feelings that express a sense of emotional comfort or discomfort. Sometimes, mood is described as a prolonged emotion that colors a person’s whole psychic life and state of well-being. For example, if someone is depressed, they may not feel like exercising. By not exercising for long periods of time, they will eventually experience the negative effects of a sedentary lifestyle such as fatigue, muscle aches and pains, and in some cases, heart disease.

Depression: Major Depression & Unipolar Varieties — In The News
Dad's Depression Affects Toddler's Behavior, Too Mar 18, 2015

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Depression in fathers may be linked to anxiety and bad behavior in toddlers, a new study suggests. "Fathers' emotions affect their children," study author Sheehan Fisher, an instructor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago... Read More

Depression May Worsen Problem of Obesity Among the Poor Mar 10, 2015

TUESDAY, March 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Depression may increase the risk of poor nutrition and obesity among Americans receiving food assistance, a new study suggests. The researchers looked at more than 600 people who were the main food shoppers in low-income families living in "food deserts" in Pittsburgh. The... Read More

Stress, Depression a 'Perfect Storm' of Trouble for Heart Patients Mar 10, 2015

TUESDAY, March 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Heart disease, depression and stress can be a deadly combination, a new study finds. Researchers looking at the effect of significant stress and deep depression on nearly 4,500 patients with heart disease called the pairing a "psychosocial perfect storm." "The... Read More

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